His Eminence, Imam Hasan Mujtaba (a.s)
Numerous traditions are recorded from His Eminence, Imam Hasan (a.s) regarding the subject of His Eminence, the Master of the Age. Some of these traditions were of the time of the forced treaty with Muawiyah. Some partisans of His Eminence criticized him for signing the treaty and he told them, “Woe be unto you! Don't you know that I am your Imam and my obedience is obligatory upon youa And on the basis of the clear statement of the Prophet I am one of the two chiefs of the youths of Paradise ?”
The replied, “Yes! It is so.”
He asked, “Don't you know that when His Eminence, Prophet Khizr made a hole in the boat, repaired the wall and killed that boy, Prophet Musa bin Imran, because he did not know the wisdom of those actions, became upset while all these actions were right and based on wisdom in the view of Allah. Don't you know that all of us are having the allegiance of tyrant of the time on our necks except His Eminence, Qaim (a.s), behind whom the spirit of Allah (Ruhullah) would recite the prayera The Almighty Allah has concealed his birth and kept him in occultation otherwise he too would have been forced to have the allegiance of a tyrant on his neck. That Qaim is the ninth descendant of my brother, Husain, the son of the chief of the ladies of the worlds. Almighty Allah will prolong his age and occultation. After that, by His power, He would make him reappear in the form of a young man aged less than forty years. And He is powerful over everything.”
The above tradition contains some very important points. Some of them are as follows:
a. The treaty of Imam Hasan (a.s) with Muawiyah was a necessary step as there was no other solution, because if armed confrontation had started, the victory would have been Muawiyah's. While on the other hand the military prowess of the Imam had been greatly marred due to the previous battles and due to the emergence of the Khawarij beliefs in the people their sloth and inclination towards a life of comfort and luxury had increased. In addition to this, his army was also infiltrated by some hypocritical elements and Muawiyah’s agents. Therefore it was not possible to have a serious military confrontation with Muawiyah and defeat him. So much so, that they were also prepared to abduct the Imam and hand him over to Muawiyah in exchange of monetary favors. Thus there was no other option except to sign a treaty and Imam Hasan (a.s) selected this same option. If he had not done so, Muawiyah would have defeated him and openly announced disbelief and irrelegiousity; like his son, Yazid had done.
b. His Eminence, the Master of the Age, will not have the allegiance of any oppressor on his neck. Rather the Almighty Allah has kept him safe and secure away from the tyrant rulers.
c. When His Eminence, Imam Mahdi (a.s) reappears, His Eminence, Isa Masih (Jesus Christ) will arrive and recite congregation prayer behind him.
d. The Almighty Allah has concealed the birth of His Eminence, Imam Mahdi (a.s) from the tyrant Abbaside rulers so that they may not get hold of him, as we have already discussed in detail before.
e. The Almighty Allah shall give to His Wali, a long life and make him reappear as a young man, so that he may establish justice and truth on the earth.